logo-01

Xaqiijinta Da'da

Si aad u isticmaasho websaydhka 'Alphagreenvape' waa inaad 21 jir tahay ama ka weyn tahay. Fadlan xaqiiji da'daada kahor intaadan galin goobta.

Waxaan u adeegsannaa cookies si aan u hagaajino degelkeenna iyo khibradaada ku daalacanaysa. Markaad sii wadatid daalacashada degelkeena waxaad aqbashaa siyaasadeena cookie.

Waan ka xumahay, da'daada lama oggola.

Cochrane, oo ah hay'ad caafimaad oo caalami ah oo awood leh: Sigaarka elektaroonigga ah ayaa leh saameynta joojinta sigaarka, saameyntana waxay beddeleysaa daaweyn kale

Bishii Oktoobar 15, Wadashaqeynta Cochrane (Wadashaqeynta Cochrane, oo hadda kadib loogu yeero Cochrane), oo ah hay'ad caalami ah oo aqoonsi u leh dawada ku saleysan caddaynta, ayaa ku tilmaamtay aragtidii ugu dambeysay ee cilmi baarista in 50 heer sare ah lagu qabtay in ka badan 10,000 dadka waaweyn ee sigaar cabayaasha adduunka. cadeeyay in sigaarka elektaroonigga ah uu leeyahay saameynta joojinta sigaarka, iyo saameynta daaweynta nikotiinta ee joogtada ah iyo qaabab kale.

Cochrane wuxuu qeexayaa in saameynta isticmaalka sigaarka elektaroonigga ah ee sigaarka la joojiyo ay ka wanaagsan tahay isticmaalka daaweynta beddelka nikotiinta iyo sigaarka elektaroonigga ah ee laga reebay nikotiinka.

Professor Peter Hajek, oo ah qoraaga dib-u-eegista Cochrane iyo agaasimaha Kooxda Cilmi-baarista Ku-tiirsanaanta Tubaakada ee Jaamacadda Queen Mary ee London, ayaa yiri: “Muuqaalkaan cusub ee sigaarka elektaroonigga ah wuxuu muujinayaa in dad badan oo sigaar caba, sigaarka elektaroonigga ahi uu yahay aalad waxtar u leh joojinta sigaarka. Waxa kale oo muhiim ah in la ogaado, Ilaa laba sano, daraasadahaas midkoodna ma helin wax caddeyn ah oo muujinaya in isticmaalka sigaarka elektaroonigga ahi uu waxyeello u geystay dadka.

Marka la barbardhigo daaweynta kale, sigaarka elektaroonigga ah ee sigaarka ayaa leh heerka joojinta sigaarka.

Waxaa la aasaasay 1993, Cochrane waa urur aan faa'iido doon ahayn oo loogu magac daray xusuusta Archiebald L. Cochrane, oo ah aasaasaha daawo caddeyn ku saleysan. Sidoo kale waa hay'adda ugu awoodda badan awoodda madax-bannaan ee aqoon-is-weydaarsiga caafimaadka adduunka. Ilaa hadda, waxay leedahay in ka badan 37,000 mutadawiciin ah in ka badan 170 waddan. Mid.

Waxa loogu yeero daawo daliil ku saleysan, taas oo ah, daawo ku saleysan cadeymo isdaba joog ah, way ka duwan tahay daawada dhaqameed ee ku saleysan daawada wax ku oolka ah. Go'aannada caafimaadka ee muhiimka ahi waa inay ku saleysnaadaan caddaynta cilmi-baarista ugu wanaagsan. Sidaa darteed, cilmi-baarista daawada ee ku saleysan caddaynta xitaa waxay sameyn doontaa tijaabooyin bukaan socod eegto oo la kala-soocay oo kala-sooc lahayn ah, dib-u-eegis nidaamsan, falanqayn metaleed, ka dibna loo qaybinayo heerka caddaynta la helay iyadoo loo eegayo heerarka, taas oo ah mid aad u adag.

Daraasaddan, Cochrane wuxuu ka helay 50 daraasadood oo ka kala yimid 13 dal oo ay ku jiraan Mareykanka iyo Boqortooyada Ingiriiska, oo ay ku lug leeyihiin 12,430 qof oo sigaar caba. Waxaa la muujiyey iyadoo la adeegsanayo daaweynta beddelka nikotiinka (sida balastarrada nikotiinka, cirridka nikotiinta) ama buundooyinka elektaroonigga ah ee laga reebo nikotiinka, in dad badani isticmaalaan sigaarka nikotiinka ah si ay u joojiyaan sigaarka ugu yaraan lix bilood.

 

Reuters ayaa soo warisay natiijooyinka baaritaanka guud ee Cochrane: "Dib u eegista la helay: ee ku taxan xanjada ama balastar, sigaarka elektaroonigga ah wuxuu waxtar badan u leeyahay joojinta sigaar cabista."

Xog gaar ah, oo loo xisaabiyay si buuxda, 10kii qof 100kii qof ee joojiya cabista sigaarka iyagoo isticmaalaya nikotiinka elektaroonigga ah ayaa si guul leh u joojin kara sigaar cabista; 100-kii qof ee joojiya isticmaalka daweynta nikotiinta ama sigaarka elektaroonigga ah ee ka reebban nikotiinka, kaliya 6 qof ayaa si guul leh u joojin kara Sigaar-cabista, marka la barbar dhigo daaweynta kale, sigaarka elektaroonigga ah ee sigaarka ayaa leh heer aad u sarreeya.

Maqaalkani, oo ka mid ah qorayaasha muuqaalka guud, Professor Caitlin Notley oo ka tirsan Jaamacadda East Anglia ee Norwich School of Medicine ee Boqortooyada Midowday ee Boqortooyada Midowday, wuxuu yidhi: “Mid ka mid ah xeeladaha ugu waxtarka badan uguna ballaadhan ee dadka looga caawiyo inay joojiyaan sigaar cabista waa in laga takhaluso sigaar- damacyada la xiriira. Sigaarka elektarooniga ah iyo ciridka nikotiinta iyo istiikarada Wakiilku wuu ka duwan yahay. Waxay u ekeysiinaysaa waaya-aragnimada sigaar-cabista waxayna siin kartaa dadka caba sigaarka nikotiin, laakiin kama dhigayso kuwa isticmaala iyo kuwa kaleba qiiqa tubaakada dhaqameed.

Isfahamka cilmiyaysan ee ku saabsan sigaarka elektaroonigga ah ayaa ah inkasta oo sigaarka elektaroonigga ahi aanu gebi ahaanba khatar lahayn, haddana aad ayuu uga dhib yar yahay sigaarka. "Kooxda Maandooriyaha Tubaakada ee Cochrane" ayaa sheegay in "cadeymaha jira ay muujinayaan in sigaarka elektaroonigga ah iyo waxyaabaha kale ee nikotiinta lagu beddelo ay kordhiyaan fursadaha joojinta sigaarka ee guuleysta." Jamie Hartmann-Boyce ayaa yiri. Iyadu sidoo kale waa mid ka mid ah qorayaasha ugu muhiimsan ee cilmi-baarista ugu dambeysay.

Daraasado badan ayaa xaqiijinaya: 1.3 milyan oo qof oo ku nool Boqortooyada Midowday inay si guul leh uga joojiyeen cabbista sigaarka elektaroonigga ah

Xaqiiqdii, marka laga soo tago Cochrane, ururo badan oo aqoonyahano caafimaad oo awood leh oo adduunka ka jira ayaa loo beddelay cinwaanka ku habboon ee "joojinta sigaarka elektaroonigga ah si ka fiican" heerar kala duwan.

Cilmi baarayaal ka socda jaamacada New York ee dalka Mareykanka ayaa ogaatay in marka la barbardhigo dadka isticmaala ee aan waligood isticmaalin sigaarka elektaroonigga ah, isticmaalka maalin kasta ee sigaarka elektaroonigga ah ay ka caawin karto dadka sigaarka caba muddada gaaban (

Horaantii sanadkii hore, daraasad madaxbanaan oo ay sameysay jaamacada London College (University College London) ayaa tilmaamtay in sigaarka elektaroonigga ah uu ka caawiyo 50,000 ilaa 70,000 oo sigaarka isticmaala UK inay joojiyaan sigaarka sanad walba. Warbixintii ugu dambeysay ee ka soo baxday Waaxda Caafimaadka Dadweynaha ee Boqortooyada Midowday waxay sidoo kale muujineysaa in ugu yaraan 1.3 milyan oo qof ay sigaarka u joojiyeen gebi ahaanba sigaarka elektaroonigga ah.

Natiijooyinka cilmi-baarista ee ay daabacday Jaamacadda College London ee joornaalka caalamiga ah ee caanka ah ee Cudurrada ayaa tilmaamtay in sigaarka elektaroonigga ahi uu ka caawiyey ugu yaraan 50,000 oo sigaar cabayaal Ingiriis ah inay joojiyaan sigaar cabista si guul ah sanadkii.

John Britton, oo ka hadlaya walaaca dadweynaha ee ku saabsan halista sigaarka elektaroonigga ah, John Britton, oo ah borofisar Emeritus oo ka tirsan jaamacadda Nottingham, UK, ayaa yidhi: “Saamaynta muddada-dheer ee nabadgelyada sigaarka elektaroonigga ahi waxay u baahan tahay xaqiijin muddo dheer ah, laakiin dhammaan caddeynta hadda waxay muujineysaa in waxyeelada muddada dheer ee sigaarka elektaroonigga ahi ay aad uga yar tahay sigaarka. ”

Kahor iyo kadib laba sano oo dabagal ah, wax cadeyn ah lama helin in sigaarka elektarooniga ah uu waxyeelo ugaystay jirka bini'aadamka.


Waqtiga boostada: Jan-14-2021